Economic actors: Definition, types, examples, roles
https://www.gurupendidikan.co.id/ - Along with the progress and development of the economy today and also the increasingly intense competition that occurs in the business world, both domestically and abroad where the current economic system has entered the era of global competition between countries. Therefore it is felt that there is a need for understanding and knowledge for economic actors in order to improve the quality of performance in developing business units and for students this will be felt to be very useful in our study of economic actors and various types of national economic actors, so that it will provide a clear picture for students in order to gain additional insight and knowledge as provisions later.
It is this background that is important for every student to learn aspects that are interrelated in the economy where economic actors have a very strategic role, and the government also plays an important role as a provider as well as a policy holder who can give positive meaning to economic actors both policy which has both direct and indirect impacts on the economic actors themselves. So thus students can do analyzes related to it. Students are also demanded to be more pro-active to participate in contributing their knowledge and thoughts for economic progress.
Understanding Economic Actors
In this case economic actors are individuals or institutions involved in the process of economic activity both production, distribution and consumption . Who plays a role in economic actors are households, communities, companies / business sectors and the government.
Various Types of Economy
There are two roles performed by family households, namely:
Family households buy goods and services produced by producer households to meet their daily needs.
For example: Students buy food in the canteen.
- As a provider of factors of production
Family households provide labor, land or capital; from these factors, the family household earns income to buy goods and services to satisfy its needs.
Household manufacturer (company)
It is a juridical and economic unit of the factors of production aimed at making a profit or providing services to the community.
Judging from the ownership of the company can be divided into two namely: state-owned companies and private-owned companies.
For example: Fertilizer producers apply fertilizer to be sold
The role of government households as one of the actors of economic activity has a profound effect on the economic progress of a country's society. Government households have a function as a regulator of economic development. The objectives to be achieved in development are:
- increasing work opportunities;
- b. controlling the inflation rate;
- c. stabilizing the balance of payments abroad;
- d. increase economic growth; and
- e. creating a just and prosperous society.
If classified, the role of government households consists of:
- a. creating public investments, such as providing road and bridge facilities;
- b. establishing state enterprises as a stabilizer for economic activity;
- c. collect direct and indirect taxes;
- d. spend state revenue to buy goods needed by the government;
- e. hire workers; and
- f. conduct monetary policy.
For example: Tax collection by the government
Activities undertaken by overseas community households are:
a. suppliers or sellers of imported goods;
b. buyers of goods produced in the country; and
c. capital providers or experts.
- Distribution of imported products from abroad
The Role of Economic Actors
In this case, in general the role of economic actors is as a driver of production, distribution and consumption activities to create a prosperous, just and equitable society.
INTERACTION AMONG ECONOMIC ACTORS
In conducting economic activities, the four economic actors interact with each other in accordance with the variety of transactions carried out. Family households buy goods and services from production households (companies) whereas production households (companies) buy factors of production from family households.
The company pays taxes to the government and vice versa the government builds various public facilities and infrastructure for the benefit of family households and production households (companies). Family households, production households (companies) and the government export abroad, whereas foreign people also import goods.
Thus the discussion on "Economic Perpetrators" Understanding & (Kinds - Roles) hopefully with this review can add insight and knowledge of you all, thank you very much for your visit.
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